Volume 11, Issue 3 (9-2022)                   2022, 11(3): 175-182 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kaur A, Singh J. A Study of Training Needs Assessment of Doctors and Nurses and Approaches to Performance Improvement in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study in Punjab, India.. Journal of Community Health Research 2022; 11 (3) :175-182
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-767-en.html
1- Professor, Department of Community Medicine, SGRDIMSAR, Amritsar , prettyaman@rediffmail.com
2- Consultant Gastroenterologist, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Amritsar
Abstract:   (274 Views)
Introduction: Training has a distinct role in the achievement of an organizational goal..  The present study  aimed  to identify the training needs of the doctors and nurses in the hospital and to prioritize these training needs.
Methods: The study was   a cross sectional study which was conducted in Sri Guru Ram Das charitable Hospital Vallah, Amritsar, Punjab,India, among doctors and nurses from october to December 2019. A total of 100 doctors and nurses through Convenient Sampling were interviewed after taking informed consent. The World Health Organization–adopted Hennessy Hicks Training Needs Analysis Questionnaire, a self-reported close-ended structured questionnaire with a core set of  30 items was used. The data was analyzed using SPSS 20 version. Descriptive statistics mean and  (SD) were calculated for quantitative data and frequency ( percentages) for qualitative data. independent sample  t-test was applied to compare importance and performance scores among doctors and nurses. p value less than 0.05 and 0.01 were considered significant and highly significant respectively.
Results: There is maximum training need in research activities (average difference score of 1.5) followed by the supervisory /managerial tasks (1.2) and clinical tasks (1.1). For research activities mean (SD) difference of average score for importance and performance was 2.0 (  1.10)  among doctors and 1.6 among nurses  (0.72) while for administrative tasks it was 1.5 ( 1.10) and 0.6 (0.96) for doctors and nurses respectively. For supervisosry tasks it was 1.4 (  0.94) among doctors and 0.9(SD 0.78) among nurses.( p value for research activities,  administrative tasks and supervisory task was .03, .000 and .003 respectively)

Conclusions: Among all the categories of activities, maximum training need was found for research activities followed by the supervisory /managerial tasks and clinical tasks
Full-Text [PDF 562 kb]   (124 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (53 Views)  
Review: Research | Subject: Health care management
Received: 2021/05/24 | Accepted: 2022/09/19 | Published: 2022/10/19

1. 1. Mwita. Performance management model. International Journal of Public Sector Management. 2000 ;13(1):19-37. [DOI:10.1108/09513550010334461]
2. Tine health 2017. How to Develop Effective Hospital Training and Development Programs. Available at :http://tinehealth.com/2017/05/02/how-to-develop-effective-hospital-training-and-development-programs/
3. Goldstein and Ford . Training in Organizations. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. 4th Edition, 2002.
4. Importance of ongoing learning in a healthcare setting. CHAS Feb 2017. Available at : https://chas.org/blog/?p=827
5. Barbazette. Training Needs Assessment: Methods, Tools, and Techniques, Brand: Pfeiffer Publishers. 2006
6. Brown . Training needs assessment: A must for developing an effective training programme. Public Personnel Management. 2002; 31 (4);569-578 [DOI:10.1177/009102600203100412]
7. Dierdoff and Surface. Assessing training needs: Do work experience and capability matter? Human Performance. 2008;21:28-48. [DOI:10.1080/08959280701522072]
8. Barratt and Fulop. Building capacity to use and undertake research in health organizations: a survey of training needs and priorities among staff. BMJ Open. 2016;6:e012557.doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012557 [DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012557]
9. MahmudKT, Wahid IS, Arif I . Impact of training needs assessment on the performance of employees: Evidence from Bangladesh.Cogent Social Sciences.2019;5:1, DOI: 10.1080/23311886.2019.1705627 [DOI:10.1080/23311886.2019.1705627]
10. Markaki A, Malhotra S, Billings R et al. Training needs assessment: tool utilization and global impact. BMC Med Educ. 2021; 21: 310. [DOI:10.1186/s12909-021-02748-y]
11. Hennessy-Hicks Training Needs Analysis Questionnaire and Manual. Available at: https://www.who.int/ workforcealliance/knowledge/HennessyHicks_trainingneedstool.pdf
12. Gaspard and Yang. Training need assessment of health care professionals in a developing country: the example of Saint Lucia. BMC Medical Education. 2016;16:112. [DOI:10.1186/s12909-016-0638-9]
13. Singh S, Shweta K, Arya S et. al. Training need assessment of nursing personnel at super specialty tertiary care hospital in northern India. Int J Health Sci Res. 2015; 5(3): 262-270..
14. Kristensen N, Nymann C, Konradsen H. Implementing research results in clinical practice- the experiences of health care professionals. BMC Health Services Research. 2016;16:48 [DOI:10.1186/s12913-016-1292-y]
15. Dehghani K, Nasiriani K, Sahimi T . Requirements for nurse supervisor training: A qualitative content analysis. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2016;21(1):63-70 [DOI:10.4103/1735-9066.174760]
16. Yousif AK, Ahmed OY, Osman WN. Training needs assessment of academic teaching staff in Faculty of Dentistry, University of Gezira, Sudan 2018. Education in Medicine Journal. 2019;11(1):31-41. [DOI:10.21315/eimj2019.11.1.4]
17. Byamugisha J, Munabi IG, Mubuuke AG et al. A health care professionals training needs assessment for oncology in Uganda. Human Resources for Health.2020;18:62 [DOI:10.1186/s12960-020-00506-7]
18. Wu X, Wu Xinjuan, Gao Y et al. Research-training needs of clinical nurses: A nationwide study among tertiary hospitals in China. Int J Nurs Sci. 2019; 6(3): 300-308. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2019.05.007]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Community Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb