Volume 11, Issue 1 (3-2022)                   JCHR 2022, 11(1): 45-53 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Montazeri L, Eslami H, Afshani S A. Role of Students’ Media Literacy on Their Health: A Narrative Review. JCHR. 2022; 11 (1) :45-53
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-726-en.html
1- Department of Media Managment, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran
2- Department of Media Management، Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran , Eslami@uswr.ac.ir
3- Faculty of Social Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (309 Views)
Introduction: Media literacy can be considered as strengthening media experiences. The media has a great impact on the health of people, including children. However, so far this issue has been understudied and scientific evidence is needed to make a decision.This study aimed to investigate roles of students’ media literacy on their health.
Methods: This study is a literature review with systematic search. Different electronic databases were used for a comprehensive literature search, including MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials and EMBASE to identify the records that match the mentioned inclusion criteria published from Januray 1st of 1990 to December 2020. The search resulted in 32 articles, of which 22 articles were removed (3 were not available, 12 were irrelevant, 7 were duplicates). Ten articles met the selection criteria and were included in the review. Exclusion criteria were those not published in peer reviewed journals, articles that address only one of the topics of media literacy or student health, and the age group of the subjects was over 18 years old or the students were not studied in primary and high school.
Results: This study showed that media literacy is effective on students' behaviors. These behaviors promote health or high-risk behaviors.  the main studies have been conducted on nutrition, obesity, health tips, smoking, drug addiction and alcohol consumption.
Conclusion: It is concluded   that the media has a great role in the health of students and this issue has been proven in previous studies. These effects both improve students' health and increase risky behaviors. Therefore, there is enough evidence for managers to decide to launch.
Full-Text [PDF 683 kb]   (153 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (26 Views)  
Review: Review | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2021/01/12 | Accepted: 2021/08/17 | Published: 2022/03/30

1. Campos I. Not too young to learn about the news: Best formats to educate about journalism in digital platforms. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction. 2021;27. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijcci.2020.100218]
2. Datu JAD, Ping Wong GS, Rubie-Davies C. Can kindness promote media literacy skills, self-esteem, and social self-efficacy among selected female secondary school students? An intervention study. Computers and Education. 2021;161. [DOI:10.1016/j.compedu.2020.104062]
3. Abdulai AF, Tiffere AH, Adam F, et al. COVID-19 information-related digital literacy among online health consumers in a low-income country. International Journal of Medical Informatics. 2021;145. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2020.104322]
4. Manca S, Bocconi S, Gleason B. el al: A glocal approach to the development of social media literacy. Computers and Education. 2021;160. [DOI:10.1016/j.compedu.2020.104025]
5. Bombardelli O. Digital Citizenship and Life Long Learning. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing2021. p. 817-26. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-52575-0_67]
6. Ho KHM, Smith GD. A discursive paper on the importance of health literacy among foreign domestic workers during outbreaks of communicable diseases. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2020;29(23-24):4827-33. [DOI:10.1111/jocn.15495]
7. McKenna VB, Sixsmith J, Barry MM. The relevance of context in understanding health literacy skills: Findings from a qualitative study. Health Expectations. 2017;20(5):1049-60. [DOI:10.1111/hex.12547]
8. Ray AE, Greene K, Pristavec T et al. Exploring indicators of engagement in online learning as applied to adolescent health prevention: a pilot study of REAL media. Educational Technology Research and Development. 2020;68(6):3143-63. [DOI:10.1007/s11423-020-09813-1]
9. Joshi GC, Paul M, Kalita BK, et al. Mapping the social landscape through social media. Journal of Information Science. 2020;46(6):776-89. [DOI:10.1177/0165551519865487]
10. Rohlfing KJ, Müller-Brauers C. Introduction to international perspectives on digital media and early literacy. International Perspectives on Digital Media and Early Literacy: The Impact of Digital Devices on Learning, Language Acquisition and Social Interaction2020. p. 1-4. [DOI:10.4324/9780429321399-1]
11. Aiman U, Hasyda S, Uslan. The influence of process oriented guided inquiry learning (POGIL) model assisted by realia media to improve scientific literacy and critical thinking skill of primary school students. European Journal of Educational Research. 2020;9(4):1635-47. [DOI:10.12973/eu-jer.9.4.1635]
12. Chaparro-Escudero M, Espinar-Medina L, El Mohammadiane-Tarbift Á. Non-formal education in Media Literacy and the qualitative results performance indicators. Research applied to the Press Reading and Media Literacy Promotion Plan in Andalucía. Estudios Sobre el Mensaje Periodistico. 2020;26(4):1353-69.
13. Nugraha MA, Banglali NP, Abraham J. Insights on media literacy and social engineering vulnerability predictors: Lifelong learning gravity. Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences. 2020;15(5):955-75. [DOI:10.18844/cjes.v15i5.5124]
14. Li X, Liu Q. Social media use, eHealth literacy, disease knowledge, and preventive behaviors in the COVID-19 pandemic: Cross-sectional study on chinese netizens. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2020;22(10). [DOI:10.2196/19684]
15. Scharrer E, Warren S, Olson C, et al. Early adolescents' views of media ratings in the context of a media literacy program in the U.S. Journal of Children and Media. 2020;14(4):422-37. [DOI:10.1080/17482798.2020.1711788]
16. Tugtekin EB, Koc M. Understanding the relationship between new media literacy, communication skills, and democratic tendency: Model development and testing. New Media and Society. 2020;22(10):1922-41. [DOI:10.1177/1461444819887705]
17. Dore RA, Logan J, Lin TJ. Characteristics of Children's Media Use and Gains in Language and Literacy Skills. Frontiers in Psychology. 2020;11. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.02224]
18. Murphy C, Gardoni P. Assessing capability instead of achieved functionings in risk analysis. Journal of Risk Research. 2010;13(2):137-47. [DOI:10.1080/13669870903126259]
19. Hobbs R. Media literacy in action: Questioning the media: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers; 2021.
20. Kes D, Aydin Yildirim T. The Relation between Levels of Media Literacy and Attitudes and Beliefs Concerning Obesity in University Students. Social Work in Public Health. 2020;35(8):645-54. [DOI:10.1080/19371918.2020.1810192]
21. Yang SC, Hsu WC, Chiang CH. The associations among individual factors, media literacy, and dietary supplement use among college students: Cross-sectional study. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2020;22(8). [DOI:10.2196/19056]
22. Nordheim LV, Pettersen KS, Espehaug B, et al. Lower secondary school students' scientific literacy and their proficiency in identifying and appraising health claims in news media: A secondary analysis using large-scale survey data. BMJ Open. 2019;9(10). [DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028781]
23. Nurjanah, Soenaryati S, Rachmani E. Media use behavior and health literacy on high school students in Semarang. Advanced Science Letters. 2017;23(4):3493-6. [DOI:10.1166/asl.2017.9145]
24. Bier MC, Zwarun L, Sherblom SA. Evidence of the Value of the Smoking Media Literacy Framework for Middle School Students. Journal of School Health. 2016;86(10):717-25. [DOI:10.1111/josh.12425]
25. Gordon CS, Jones SC, Kervin L,et al. Empowering students to respond to alcohol advertisements: Results from a pilot study of an Australian media literacy intervention. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 2016;40(3):231-2. [DOI:10.1111/1753-6405.12459]
26. Draper M, Appregilio S, Kramer A et al. Educational intervention/case study: Implementing an elementary-level, classroom-based media literacy education program for academically at-risk middle-school students in the non-classroom setting. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education. 2015;59(2):12-24.
27. Primack BA, Douglas EL, Land SR. Comparison of Media Literacy and Usual Education to Prevent Tobacco Use: A Cluster-Randomized Trial. Journal of School Health. 2014;84(2):106-15. [DOI:10.1111/josh.12130]
28. Page RM, Huong NT, Chi HK, Tien TQ. Smoking Media Literacy in Vietnamese Adolescents. Journal of School Health. 2011;81(1):34-41. [DOI:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00555.x]
29. Primack BA, Sidani J, Carroll MV, Fine MJ. Associations between smoking and media literacy in college students. Journal of Health Communication. 2009;14(6):541-55. [DOI:10.1080/10810730903089598]
30. Bulger M, Davison P. The promises, challenges, and futures of media literacy. Journal of Media Literacy Education. 2018;10(1):1-21. [DOI:10.23860/JMLE-2018-10-1-1]
31. Tully M, Vraga EK, Bode L. Designing and Testing News Literacy Messages for Social Media. Mass Communication and Society. 2020;23(1):22-46. [DOI:10.1080/15205436.2019.1604970]
32. Truman E, Elliott C. Health-promoting skills for children: Evaluating the influence of a media literacy and food marketing intervention. Health Education Journal. 2020;79(4):431-45. [DOI:10.1177/0017896919889647]
33. Truman E, Bischoff M, Elliott C. Which literacy for health promotion: health, food, nutrition or media? Health promotion international. 2020;35(2):432-44. [DOI:10.1093/heapro/daz007]
34. Smith JA, Merlino A, Christie B, et al. Using social media in health literacy research: A promising example involving Facebook with young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males from the Top End of the Northern Territory. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 2020. [DOI:10.1002/hpja.421]
35. Sharma MK, Anand N, Vishwakarma A, et al. Mental health issues mediate social media use in rumors: Implication for media based mental health literacy. Asian Journal of Psychiatry. 2020;53. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102132]
36. Scull TM, Malik CV, Morrison A, et al. Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial to evaluate a web-based comprehensive sexual health and media literacy education program for high school students. Trials. 2020;21(1). [DOI:10.1186/s13063-019-3992-1]
37. Rommer D, Majerova J, Machova V. Repeated covid-19 pandemic-related media consumption: Minimizing sharing of nonsensical misinformation through health literacy and critical thinking. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations. 2020;19:107-13. [DOI:10.22381/LPI1920207]
38. Park H, Kim HS, Park HW. A Scientometric Study of Digital Literacy, ICT Literacy, Information Literacy, and Media Literacy. Journal of Data and Information Science. 2020. [DOI:10.2478/jdis-2021-0001]
39. Naderer B. Advertising Unhealthy Food to Children: on the Importance of Regulations, Parenting Styles, and Media Literacy. Current Addiction Reports. 2020. [DOI:10.1007/s40429-020-00348-2]
40. Musso M, Pinna R, Trombin M, Carrus PP, editors. Social Media to Improve Health Promotion and Health Literacy for Patients Engagement. Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation; 2020. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-43993-4_10]
41. Mingoia J, Hutchinson AD, Gleaves DH, et al. Does Better Media Literacy Protect Against the Desire for Tanned Skin and Propensity for Making Appearance Comparisons? Social Media and Society. 2020;6(1). [DOI:10.1177/2056305120905366]
42. Leung AYM, Molassiotis A, Zhang J, et al. Dementia literacy in the greater bay area, China: Identifying the at-risk population and the preferred types of mass media for receiving dementia information. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020;17(7). [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17072511]
43. Greene K, Ray AE, Choi HJ, et al. Short term effects of the REAL media e-learning media literacy substance prevention curriculum: An RCT of adolescents disseminated through a community organization. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2020;214. [DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108170]
44. Gordon CS, Rodgers RF, Slater AE,et al. A cluster randomized controlled trial of the SoMe social media literacy body image and wellbeing program for adolescent boys and girls: Study protocol. Body Image. 2020;33:27-37. [DOI:10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.003]
45. Bopp T, Stellefson M. Practical and ethical considerations for schools using social media to promote physical literacy in youth. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020;17(4). [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17041225]
46. Austin EW, Austin BW, Kaiser CK. Effects of Family-Centered Media Literacy Training on Family Nutrition Outcomes. Prevention Science. 2020;21(3):308-18. [DOI:10.1007/s11121-020-01101-x]
47. Austin EW, Austin B, Kaiser CK, et al. A Media Literacy-Based Nutrition Program Fosters Parent-Child Food Marketing Discussions, Improves Home Food Environment, and Youth Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables. Childhood Obesity. 2020;16(S1):S33-S43. [DOI:10.1089/chi.2019.0240]
48. Shinta AD, Salleh MAM, Ali MNS. Analysis of the moderating effect of media literacy on cervical cancer preventive behaviours. Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication. 2019;35(1):156-70. [DOI:10.17576/JKMJC-2019-3501-11]
49. Riesmeyer C, Hauswald J, Mergen M. (Un)healthy behavior? the relationship between media literacy, nutritional behavior, and self-representation on instagram. Media and Communication. 2019;7(2 Critical Perspectives):160-8. [DOI:10.17645/mac.v7i2.1871]
50. Pratiwi I, Andajani K, Putra AP. Promotion of media literacy for the early childhood's parents. Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. 2019;10(6):1421-4. [DOI:10.5958/0976-5506.2019.01498.0]
51. Oh HJ, Lee H. When Do People Verify and Share Health Rumors on Social Media? The Effects of Message Importance, Health Anxiety, and Health Literacy. Journal of Health Communication. 2019;24(11):837-47. [DOI:10.1080/10810730.2019.1677824]
52. Mingoia J, Hutchinson AD, Gleaves DH, et al. The impact of a social media literacy intervention on positive attitudes to tanning: A pilot study. Computers in Human Behavior. 2019;90:188-95. [DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2018.09.004]
53. McLean SA, Wertheim EH, Marques MD, et al. Dismantling prevention: Comparison of outcomes following media literacy and appearance comparison modules in a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Health Psychology. 2019;24(6):761-76. [DOI:10.1177/1359105316678668]
54. McGladrey M, Oliff M, Draper E. Re-envisioning media literacy education as feminist arts-activism. Cultural Trends. 2019;28(5):354-65. [DOI:10.1080/09548963.2019.1679992]
55. Lichtveld MY, Covert HH, Sherman M, et al. Advancing environmental health literacy: Validated scales of general environmental health and environmental media-specific knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019;16(21). [DOI:10.3390/ijerph16214157]
56. Kim SH, Utz S. Effectiveness of a Social Media-Based, Health Literacy-Sensitive Diabetes Self-Management Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 2019;51(6):661-9. [DOI:10.1111/jnu.12521]
57. Kendal E. Public health crises in popular media: How viral outbreak films affect the public's health literacy. Medical Humanities. 2019. [DOI:10.1136/medhum-2018-011446]
58. Holmberg C, Berg C, Dahlgren J, etal. Health literacy in a complex digital media landscape: Pediatric obesity patients' experiences with online weight, food, and health information. Health Informatics Journal. 2019;25(4):1343-57. [DOI:10.1177/1460458218759699]
59. Halsall T, Garinger C, Dixon K, et al. Evaluation of a Social Media Strategy to Promote Mental Health Literacy and Help-Seeking in Youth. Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet. 2019;23(1):13-38. [DOI:10.1080/15398285.2019.1571301]
60. Arshad A, Hanan MA, Saleem N, Farzooq S, Fatima R. Media and mental health literacy: Do mediated interventions enhance mental health awareness? implications and policy recommendations. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion. 2019;21(3):99-107. [DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2019.010834]
61. Angeliqa F, Sarwono BK. Family disposition related to media literacy for advertisements of children's snacks in the media. Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication. 2019;35(4):258-71. [DOI:10.17576/JKMJC-2019-3504-16]
62. Alonso Galbán P, Vialart Vidal N. Digital literacy program for the use of social media, aimed at health professionals. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics2019. p. 1895-6.
63. Vahedi Z, Sibalis A, Sutherland JE. Are media literacy interventions effective at changing attitudes and intentions towards risky health behaviors in adolescents? A meta-analytic review. Journal of Adolescence. 2018;67:140-52. [DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.06.007]
64. Scull TM, Kupersmidt JB, Malik CV, et al. Using Media Literacy Education for Adolescent Sexual Health Promotion in Middle School: Randomized Control Trial of Media Aware. Journal of Health Communication. 2018;23(12):1051-63. [DOI:10.1080/10810730.2018.1548669]
65. Scull TM, Kupersmidt JB, Malik CV, et al. Examining the efficacy of an mHealth media literacy education program for sexual health promotion in older adolescents attending community college. Journal of American College Health. 2018;66(3):165-77. [DOI:10.1080/07448481.2017.1393822]
66. Oliveira A, Espanha R. Visibility of health literacy in the media: The Portuguese case. Estudios Sobre el Mensaje Periodistico. 2018;24(1):835-49. [DOI:10.5209/ESMP.59982]
67. Lin WY, Zhang X, Cao B. How Do New Media Influence Youths' Health Literacy? Exploring the Effects of Media Channel and Content on Safer Sex Literacy. International Journal of Sexual Health. 2018;30(4):354-65. [DOI:10.1080/19317611.2018.1509921]
68. Li A, Huang X, Jiao D, et al. An analysis of stigma and suicide literacy in responses to suicides broadcast on social media. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry. 2018;10(1). [DOI:10.1111/appy.12314]
69. Macnamara JR. Media content analysis: Its uses, benefits and best practice methodology. Asia Pacific public relations journal. 2005;6(1):1-34.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Community Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb