Volume 11, Issue 3 (9-2022)                   JCHR 2022, 11(3): 144-149 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Noaman A. The Impact of the Use of Electronic and Digital Devices before Bedtime on Sleep Sufficiency among Iraqi Young People. JCHR 2022; 11 (3) :144-149
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-691-en.html
Department of Community Health Technologies, Middle Technical University (MTU), Diyala, Iraq , aqeeltech.mtu@mtu.edu.iq
Abstract:   (850 Views)
Introduction: Young people often rely on electronic and digital media devices to accomplish many of their daily tasks, which may interfere with their daily physical activities. This study aims to find out the relationship between the use of electronic and digital devices before bedtime and sleep sufficiency among Iraqi young people.
Methods: This was an analytical, cross-sectional study that was conducted on 383 young adults aged 18-25 years attending in Al-Tahrir Primary Health Care Center for immunization through purposive sampling technique from   September 15, 2019 to January 10, 2020. The tool was a researcher- made questionnaire. The SPSS 20 was used for statistical analysis, where the t-test was used to find a possible relationship between the variables. The descriptive statistics included percent, means and standard deviations, independent sample T-test was used to find a possible relationship between the variables. All statistical analysis was conducted in SPSS software version 20 with considering significant level of 5%.
Results: Mean (SD) use of electronic or digital devices at night in terms of watching television, using play station, using computer, using cell phone for gaming, and using mobile for the Internet [2.8 (3.48), 1.20 (2.0), 2.13  (3.16), 5.37 (5.0) and 10.90 (6.08)] respectively. As a result, there was a significant difference regarding the use of the cell phone for games (P-value= 0.011) and for social media (P-value= 0.000). The mean use of cell phone per night was statistically higher (20.38 minutes) than those who reported having sufficient hours of sleep (10.38 minutes) (P- value=0.040). The study also observed that the mean number of cell phone calls (5.16) was statistically associated with inadequate sleep hours per night (P-value=0.022).
Conclusions: This study found that most participants reported adequate sleep hours after electronic or digital devices were turned off. This is because the increase in the mean number of calls and the minutes during calls before going to sleep was significantly associated with a lack of sleep.

Full-Text [PDF 515 kb]   (258 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (139 Views)  
Review: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2022/07/10 | Accepted: 2022/09/20 | Published: 2022/10/19

1. Orzech KM, Grandner MA, Roane BM, et al. Digital media use in the 2 h before bedtime is associated with sleep variables in university students. Computers in Human Behavior. 2016;55:43-50. [DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2015.08.049]
2. Noaman AA. Impact of mobile phone usage on some health aspects of children and adolescents: Evidence based review article. The Journal of Medical Research. 2019;5(4):159-61. [DOI:10.31254/jmr.2019.5406]
3. Levenson JC, Shensa A, Sidani JE, et al. The association between social media use and sleep disturbance among young adults. Preventive Medicine. 2016;85:36-41. [DOI:10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.01.001]
4. Mark AE, Boyce WF, Janssen I. Television viewing, computer use and total screen time in Canadian youth. Paediatrics & Child Health. 2006;11(9):595-9 [DOI:10.1093/pch/11.9.595]
5. Bruni O, Sette S, Fontanesi L, et al. Technology use and sleep quality in preadolescence and adolescence. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2015;11(12):1433-41. [DOI:10.5664/jcsm.5282]
6. Noaman AA. Exploring the Possibility of Headache Exposure among Mobile Phone Users Aged ( 18-25 ) Years. Diyala Journal of Medicine. 2018;15(2):80-6 [DOI:10.26505/DJM.15024311016]
7. Moulin KL, Chung C-J. Technology trumping sleep: Impact of electronic media and sleep in late adolescent students. Journal of Education and Learning.2016;6(1):294. [DOI:10.5539/jel.v6n1p294]
8. Run Zhi Zhu XLX. The influence of social media on sleep quality: A study of undergraduate students in Chongqing, Journal of Nursing & Care. 2015;04(03). [DOI:10.4172/2167-1168.1000253]
9. Mesquita G, Reimão R. Quality of sleep among university students: effects of nighttime computer and television use. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria.2010;68(5):720-5. [DOI:10.1590/S0004-282X2010000500009]
10. Gulden A, Kubra Y. Relationship between Social Media Use and Sleep Quality in University Students. Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences. 2018; 6(8): 2960-2965.
11. Basti M, Madadizadeh F. A beginner's Guide to Sampling Methods in Medical Research. Critical Comments in Biomedicine. 2021 Sep 30;2(2). [DOI:10.18502/ccb.v2i2.7397]
12. Hasheminejad N, Dastaran S, Madadizadeh F, Feyzi V. Assessment of risk factors and prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in barbers of Kerman city using REBA method. Occupational Hygine and Health Promotion Journal. 2017 Aug 10;1(1):10-8.
13. Yaqoot F, Suhail AR, Dake MN and Al Mamun A. Exploring Gender Difference in Sleep Quality of Young Adults: Findings from a Large Population Study. Clinical Medicine & Research. 2016;14(3):138-144. [DOI:10.3121/cmr.2016.1338]
14. Hysing M, Pallesen S, Stormark KM, Jakobsen R, Lundervold AJ, Sivertsen B. Sleep and use of electronic devices in adolescence: results from a large population-based study. BMJ Open. 2015;5(1):e006748. [DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006748]
15. Bulck J Van Den. Adolescent Use of Mobile Phones for Calling and for Sending Text Messages After Lights Out : Results from a Prospective Cohort Study with a One-Year Follow-Up. SLEEP 2007;30(9): 1220-1223 [DOI:10.1093/sleep/30.9.1220]
16. Alshobaili FA, AlYousefi NA. The effect of smartphone usage at bedtime on sleep quality among Saudi non- medical staff at King Saud University Medical City Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care.. 2019;8(6):1953-7. [DOI:10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_269_19]
17. Munezawa T, Kaneita Y, Osaki Y, Kanda H, Minowa M, Suzuki K, et al. The association between use of mobile phones after lights out and sleep disturbances among Japanese adolescents: a nationwide cross-sectional survey. Sleep [Internet]. 2011;34(8):1013-20. [DOI:10.5665/SLEEP.1152]
18. Rod NH, Dissing AS, Clark A, Gerds TA, Lund R. Overnight smartphone use: A new public health challenge? A novel study design based on high-resolution smartphone data. PLoS One. 2018;13(10):e0204811. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0204811]
19. Kokka I, Mourikis I, Nicolaides NC, Darviri C, Chrousos GP, Kanaka-Gantenbein C, et al. Exploring the effects of problematic internet use on adolescent sleep: A systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18(2):760. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph18020760]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY 4.0 | Journal of Community Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb