Volume 10, Issue 2 (Apr- June 2021)                   JCHR 2021, 10(2): 159-166 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shabani J, Sargolzaie N. High School Female Students' Overweight Toward Emotional Intelligence. JCHR. 2021; 10 (2) :159-166
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-627-en.html
1- 1. Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran , jshabanipnu@gmail.com
2- 1. Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (122 Views)
Introduction: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing at an alarming rate. They both have two-way communication with one's emotional stresses and psychological distresses.
Methods: This research is a descriptive-correlation study. The sample size included 370 female high school students in Gonbad, Galikesh, Azadshahr, and Kalaleh, in the east of Golestan province (Iran) in 2018. To select the participants, 370 students with a body mass index (BMI) between 25 and 29.9 kg/m² were selected as samples, and the Emotional Intelligence (EQ) questionnaire was handed out Pearson's correlation and regression analyses were also employed in this study (p<0.05).
Results: The results demonstrated that there is a direct, yet inverse relationship between students’ total EQ (r= -0.465, p =0.01), intrapersonal (r= -0.421,p= 0.01), interpersonal (r= -0.325, p= 0.01), adaptability (r= -0.391, p= 0.01), stress management (r= -0.401, p= 0.01), general mood (r= -0.383, p= 0.01), and their overweight. Also the Regression Analysis findings show that the EQ sub-scales are significant predictors for overweight R2 = 0.431, F = 39.457, and (p= 0.00). It suggests that the higher the EQ and its subscales scores among the students increase, the less weight they own, and vice versa.
Conclusion: The findings of this study will enhance social public awareness of the side- effects of overweight, equipping the public with some counseling to lose weight through using EQ for students suffering overweight.
Full-Text [PDF 578 kb]   (60 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (10 Views)  
Review: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2020/04/13 | Accepted: 2021/03/20 | Published: 2021/07/1

1. 1. Santonja FJ, Morales A, Villanueva RJ, et al. Analysing the effect of public health campaigns on reducing excess weight: A modelling approach for the Spanish Autonomous Region of the Community of Valencia. Evaluation and program planning. 2012; 35(1):34-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2011.06.004]
2. Karnik S, Kanekar A. Childhood obesity: a global public health crisis. International Journal of Preventive Medicine [Internet]. 2012;3(1):1- 7.
3. Wang Y, Lobstein T. Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity [Internet]. 2006;1(1):11-25. [DOI:10.1080/17477160600586747]
4. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, et al. Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999-2010. JAMA [Internet]. 2012;307(5):483-90. [DOI:10.1001/jama.2012.40]
5. N, Mirhadiyan L, Kazemnejad Leili E. Survey predictors of overweight and obesity in children beginning TT. gums- Journal of Holistic Nursing And Midwifery [Internet]. 2015;25(3):55-62. l (In Persian)
6. Ghadimi R, Asgharzadeh E, Sajjadi P. Obesity among Elementary Schoolchildren: A Growing Concern in the North of Iran, 2012. International Journal of Preventive Medicine [Internet]. 2015;6:99.
7. Talen MR, Mann MM. Obesity and mental health. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice. 2009; 36(2):287-305. [DOI:10.1016/j.pop.2009.01.012]
8. de Sousa PML. Body-image and obesity in adolescence: A comparative study of social-demographic, psychological, and behavioral aspects. The Spanish journal of psychology. 2008;11(2):551-63. [DOI:10.1017/S1138741600004558]
9. Riva G, Bacchetta M, Baruffi M, Molinari E. Virtual reality-based multidimensional therapy for the treatment of body image disturbances in obesity: a controlled study. Cyberpsychology & behavior. 2001;4(4):511-26. [DOI:10.1089/109493101750527079]
10. Bar-On R. Emotional and social intelligence: insights from the Emotional Quotient Inventory. The handbook of emotional intelligence: : Theory, development, assessment, and application at home, school, and in the workplace . 2000: 363-88.
11. Bar-On R. The Bar-On model of emotional-social intelligence (ESI). Psicothema. 2006;18(1):13-25.
12. Turner SA, Luszczynska A, Warner L, et al. Emotional and uncontrolled eating styles and chocolate chip cookie consumption. A controlled trial of the effects of positive mood enhancement. Appetite. 2010;54(1):143-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2009.09.020]
13. Snoek HM, Engels RC, Janssens JM, et al. Parental behaviour and adolescents' emotional eating. Appetite. 2007;49(1):223-30. [DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2007.02.004]
14. Doğan T, Tekin EG, Katrancıoğlu A. Feeding your feelings: A self-report measure of emotional eating. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2011;15:2074-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.04.056]
15. Nguyen-Rodriguez ST, Chou C-P, Unger JB, et al. BMI as a moderator of perceived stress and emotional eating in adolescents. Eating behaviors. 2008;9(2):238-46. [DOI:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2007.09.001]
16. Salehiniya H, Yazdani K, Barekati H, et al. The Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Children Under 5 Years in Tehran, Iran, in 2012: A Population-Based Study. Research in Cardiovascular Medicine [Internet]. 2016;5(1):e30425. [DOI:10.4103/2251-9572.218700]
17. Must A. Does overweight in childhood have an impact on adult health?. Nutrition reviews. 2003;16(4): 139-142. [DOI:10.1301/nr.2003.apr.139-142]
18. Batty GD, Mortensen EL, Nybo Andersen AM, et al. Childhood intelligence in relation to adult coronary heart disease and stroke risk: evidence from a Danish birth cohort study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol [Internet]. 2005;19(6):452-9. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3016.2005.00671.x]
19. Hart CL, Taylor MD, Smith GD, et al. Childhood IQ and cardiovascular disease in adulthood: prospective observational study linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies. Social Science & Medicine [Internet].2004;59(10):2131-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.03.016]
20. Benzo RP, Kirsch JL, Dulohery MM, et al. Emotional Intelligence: A Novel Outcome Associated with Wellbeing and Self-Management in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Annals of the American Thoracic Society [Internet]. 2016;13(1):10-6. [DOI:10.1513/AnnalsATS.201508-490OC]
21. Rashidi A, Davari A. Leadership Competency Must Be Integrated into Obesity Management Programs and Training. Advances in Nutrition [Internet]. 2016;7(1):19A-19A.
22. Datar A, Sturm R. Childhood overweight and elementary school outcomes. International Journal of Obesity [Internet]. 2006;30(9):1449-60. [DOI:10.1038/sj.ijo.0803311]
23. M. AA, T. van der MH, H. AA, et al. ZM. Stress amongst dental students: a systematic review. European Journal of Dental Education [Internet]. 2011; 15(1):8-18. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0579.2010.00640.x]
24. Wong F, The Association Between Emotional Intelligence Body Mass Index and Eating Behaviors Among College Students. Master Dissertation, University of Kentucky. 2011: 73.
25. Bar-On R, Parker JD. Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version. Technical Manual. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems. Inc; 2000. [DOI:10.1037/t14077-000]
26. Shabani J. Relationship between emotional and spiritual intelligences and mental health problems among Iranian high school students. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. 2011:209.
27. Shabani J, Jilardi Damavandi AR. The Importance of Gender as a Moderator for the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Mental Health of Adolescents. Asian Social Science. 2011; 7(9): 142-148. [DOI:10.5539/ass.v7n9p142]
28. Shabani J, Hassan S A, Ahmad A, et al. Moderating Effect of Age on the Link of Emotional Intelligence and Mental Health among High School Students. International Journal of Educational Studies. 2011; 4(2): 82-88. [DOI:10.5539/ies.v4n2p82]
29. Okorodudu DO, Jumean MF, Montori VM, et al. Diagnostic performance of body mass index to identify obesity as defined by body adiposity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Obesity (Lond). 2010; 34(5):791-9. [DOI:10.1038/ijo.2010.5]
30. Fyez pour M, Movahdi A, Kashavarz SA, et al. The Relationship between Obesity, Overweight, Emotional Intelligence, and Intelligence Quotient (IQ) of 9-12 Years Old Students of Districts 1 and 19 in Tehran City. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences and Food Industry. 2019; 14(1): 27- 36.[Persian]
31. Fischer S, Chen E, Katterman S. Emotional eating in a mobidly obese bariatric surgery-seeking population. Obesity Surgery. 2007; 17(6): 84-778. [DOI:10.1007/s11695-007-9143-x]
32. Faith MS, Allison DB, Geliebter A. Emotional eating and obesity: Theoretical considerations and practical recommendation. In S. Dalton (Ed.) overweight and weight management: The health professional's guide to understanding and practice. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers, Inc; 1997: 439-465.
33. Hays N, Bathalon G, McCrory M, et al. Eating behavior correlates of adult weight gain and obesity in healthy women aged 55-65 y. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2002; 75(3), 476-483. [DOI:10.1093/ajcn/75.3.476]
34. Kubiak T, Vögele C, Siering M, et al. Daily hassles and emotional eating in obese adolescents under restricted dietary conditions-the role of ruminative thinking. Appetite.2008; 51(1):206-209. [DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2008.01.008]
35. Macht M, Haupt C, Ellgrin H. The perceived function of eating is changed during examination stress: A field study. Eating Behaviors. 2005; 6(2):109-112. [DOI:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2004.09.001]
36. Snoek HM, Engels RC, Janssens JM, et al. Parental behavior and adolescents' emotional eating. Appetite. 2007; 49(1): 223-230. [DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2007.02.004]
37. Desmet PMA, Schifferstein HNJ. Sources of positive and negative emotions in food experience. Appetite. 2008; 50(2-3):290. [DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2007.08.003]
38. Thayer R. Calm Energy: How people regulate mood with food and exercise. Oxford: Oxford University . 2003.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Community Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb