Volume 5, Issue 2 (Apr-June 2016)                   JCHR 2016, 5(2): 64-72 | Back to browse issues page

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Fallahzadeh H, Momayyezi M, Nasirzadeh H. Relationship Between Breast Feeding Duration Childhood and Blood Pressure in Early Adulthood. JCHR. 2016; 5 (2) :64-72
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-282-en.html
1- , mahdieh_momayyezi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4798 Views)

Introduction: Breastfeeding produces an important effect on the physiology of the body, metabolism and human clinical status. Available evidence suggested that breastfeeding has a prophylactic effect on adiposity, blood pressure and other chronic diseases. Thus, this study was conducted to determine the association between infant breastfeeding and blood pressure status in early adulthood.

Materials & Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the sample size was determined to be 300, and the study data were collected through cluster sampling method in 2013. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire, which its reliability and validity have been confirmed. The statistical analyses were performed using SPSS Software (ver.16) applying independent t-test and ANOVA.

Results: The mean systolic pressure and diastolic pressure were 113.6±13.1 and 72±11.6 respectively. The mean systolic and diastolic pressure in males was higher than females. Moreover, increased BMI and age were associated with a significant growth in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The present study demonstrated a significant positive correlation between systolic and diastolic blood pressure. However, the results did not show a significant relationship between duration or exclusivity of breastfeeding and systolic and diastolic blood pressure in adulthood.

Conclusion: The study findings revealed no association between the duration or exclusivity of breastfeeding and systolic and diastolic blood pressure in later life. 

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Review: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/12/23 | Accepted: 2016/05/30 | Published: 2016/06/19

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