Volume 13, Issue 1 (1-2024)                   JCHR 2024, 13(1): 50-55 | Back to browse issues page


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Jayabalan J, Gorantla M, Kiranmai B. Exploring the Determinants of Diabetes’ Self-Care Practices among the Diabetics Living in Urban Field Practice Area of Medical College in Hyderabad. JCHR 2024; 13 (1) :50-55
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1003-en.html
1- Department of community medicine, Osmania medical college, Hyderabad, India
2- Department of community medicine, Osmania medical college, Hyderabad, India , misha.gorantla@gmail.com
Abstract:   (108 Views)

Background: Diabetes is a chronic disease, and among the adults, type II diabetes is more common. In 2021, approximately 537 million adults between 20 to79 suffered from diabetes. Diabetics who follow self-care practices can manage their blood glucose levels better, which in turn prevents the secondary complications.
Methods: This was a community-based and cross-sectional study performed in the urban field practice (UHC) area of a tertiary care medical college conducted on 110 type II diabetics. The ‘summary of diabetes self-care activities’ questionnaire was used for data collection.
Results: Mean age was 53 +/- 7.6, 70% of whom were females and 45.4% were lower-middle Socio-Economic Status. 33% of the participants had uncontrolled diabetes. The majority of study subjects (68.2%) suffered from hypertension as a co-morbidity, followed by heart disease (10.9%), thyroid disease (10%), and hypercholestrolism (1.8%). 62.7% of the subjects showed treatment adherence for > 4 days/week. Diabetics who had the disease for more than 5 years and followed a proper diet and adhered to treatment (> 4 d/week), showed a better control of glucose levels.
Conclusion: The findings of this study can be used to strengthen NPCDCS program to bridge the knowledge gap regarding self-care among patients and caregivers.

 

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Review: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2023/12/8 | Accepted: 2024/02/12 | Published: 2024/01/21

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