Volume 5, Issue 4 (Oct-Dec 2016)                   JCHR 2016, 5(4): 240-248 | Back to browse issues page

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Fattahi Bafghi A, Eftekhari M, Ahmadi S, Moghateli M. Epidemiological Pattern of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the Province of Fars, Iran (Since 2010-2014). JCHR. 2016; 5 (4) :240-248
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-333-en.html
1- Department of medical Parasitology and Mycology, Medical school, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (6585 Views)


Introduction: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is considered as an important health problem in Iran. This disease begins as small papules and then they gradually grow and turn into wounds. Since the epidemiological study of this problem is effective in preventing and controlling it, the current research was conducted on epidemiological pattern of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the province of Fars, Iran (2010-2014)

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on the registered information (20601 patients) and documents of the patients having problem in Fars province remedial and health care centers over the last 5 years. First, the registered demographic and epidemiological data of patients were extracted and then analyzed through by using SPSS software.

Results: A total of 20601 patients including 10607 males (51%) and 9994 females (49%) participated this study. Patients were in the age range of 20-29 years old and minority of them was 5-9 years old. Most lesions were on the hand and leg of the patients. It was also found that there was a significant relationship between age groups and types of Leishmaniasis (P<0.05) as well as gender and type of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (P<0.05).

Conclusion: According to this is investigation, there was an ascending trend in disease frequency which was based on the descending process. This indicates promotion of educational- hygiene status as well as observance of personal hygiene principals.

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Review: Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2016/10/16 | Accepted: 2016/10/16 | Published: 2016/10/16

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