Volume 10, Issue 1 (Jan-Mar 2021)                   JCHR 2021, 10(1): 60-67 | Back to browse issues page


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Seyedi F, Shahabi-Rabori M A, Eftekhar-Vaghefi S H. Anthropometric Dimensions and Classroom Furniture Measurements Among Pre-school Students in Kerman, South East of Iran. JCHR. 2021; 10 (1) :60-67
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-656-en.html
1- 1. Department of Anatomical sciences, faculty of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran
2- 2. Department of Anatomical sciences, Afzalipour School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Abstract:   (306 Views)

Abstract
Introduction:
With the alternation of the educational system from a three-stage into a two-stage system in Iranian schools since several years ago, five-year-old children entered from kindergartens to primary schools. This study was conducted to investigate the harmonization of classroom furniture with anthropometric dimensions in preschool students. 
Methods: In this study, 366 male and female preschool students were selected by cluster sampling method in Kerman, Iran. The  sample size was calculated by the Cochran formula  Some of the anthropometric dimensions such as shoulder, elbow, and popliteal height, popliteal buttock length, and buttock breath were measured. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21. Statistical indicators such as mean, maximum, minimum, standard division, and 5th, 50th, and 95th percentiles were calculated for both the sexes and were compared with five dimensions of the existing seats. Next, the dimensions of the standard seats were determined according to the anthropometric dimension’s students.
Results: Anthropometric dimensions comparision between girl and boy pre- school students in Kerman city showed just popliteal height had a siginificnt diference (p ≤0.05). Match of antropometric musurmants with seat dimentions indicated that there is no consistency between the seats and anthropometric dimensions in. Armrest height, seat height, backrest height, seat depth and seat breath were matched with (0, 0.5, 10, 6.7, 0) and (0.7, 28.7, 6, 2.5, 0) percent of anthropometric musurments of girl and boy students respectively
Conclusions: Due to adding a new grade to primary school, it seems that no work has been done for improving the furniture. Therefore, in this article, we presented the dimensions of an appropriate seat. This may help not only save production costs in the industry but also increase the matching between students' anthropometric and seat dimensions.

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Review: Research | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2020/07/6 | Accepted: 2021/03/20 | Published: 2021/03/29

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