Volume 9, Issue 3 (Jul- Sep 2020)                   JCHR 2020, 9(3): 149-158 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mihanpour H, Khashij M, Shamsizadeh Z, Gholami M, Ebrahimi A, Rezaeipandari H, et al . Assessment of Environmental Literacy: A Case Study of Yazd Citizens’ Awareness, Attitudes, and Practices in 2017. JCHR. 2020; 9 (3) :149-158
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-651-en.html
1- 1. Genetic and Environmental Adventures Research Center, School of Abarkouh Paramedicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2- 2. Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
3- Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
4- 4. Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources and the Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (285 Views)
Introduction: With regard to the importance of the environment in sustainable development along with environmental literacy among citizens, the present study aimed to assess the levels of environmental literacy among citizens residing in the city of Yazd, Iran.
 Methods: In this descriptive--analytical study, the sample size was determined based on the Cochran formula of 410 individuals. The data selection tool was also a researcher-made questionnaire comprised of items on demographic characteristics information as well as levels of awareness, attitudes, and practices concerning the environment such as air pollution, waste management, etc. Face validity verified by 10 qualified individuals as the faculty members and Reliability was confirmed by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.93. The collected data was analyzed using the SPSS 22. In this study, significance level was considered as 0.05.
Results: awareness score was statistically significant in terms of age, level of education, and employment status (p<0.05). However, attitudes were only in a significant relationship with employment status (p=0.004). The relationship between practice score was also statistically significant with regard to age, marital status, and area of residence (p<0.05). A significant relationship was further observed between age and level of income and level of awareness, but there was no significant relationship considering attitudes (p>0.05). Moreover, a positive correlation was found between awareness, attitude, and practice scores (0.323≥ r ≥0.28, p<0.001).
Conclusion: Although awareness among Yazd citizens on some environmental issues was at low levels, in general, their awareness specifically regarding health issues stemming from air pollution was proper. In view of the importance of environmental factors, it is necessary to conduct various research studies to identify and control these factors and find proper solutions.
Full-Text [PDF 618 kb]   (87 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (55 Views)  
Review: Research | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2020/06/22 | Accepted: 2020/09/20 | Published: 2020/09/26

References
1. 1. Salimian Rizi M, Amini M, Madani SA. Assessment of Environmental Literacy of Students and operational challenges of Environmental Education in Secondary Education. Curriculum Research JSRE. 2020; 9(2): 288-313.
2. Unesco P. Final Report, Intergovernmental conference on environmental education, Tbilissi (USRR), 14-16 oct., 1977. Paris (France). 1978.
3. Ertekin T, Yüksel Ç. The Role of Ecological Literacy Education with Academic Support in Raising Environmental Awareness for High School Students:"Enka Ecological Literacy Summer Camp Project Case Study". Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014; 120: 124-32. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.02.089]
4. Karimzadegan H, Meiboudia H. Exploration of Environmental Literacy in Science Education Curriculum in Primary Schools in Iran. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012; 46: 404-409. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.131]
5. Saribas D, Teksoz G, Ertepinar H. The relationship between environmental literacy and self-efficacy beliefs toward environmental education. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014; 116(2): 3664-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.820]
6. Karatekin K. Environmental Literacy in Turkey Primary Schools Social Studies Textbooks. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012; 46: 3519-23. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.096]
7. Maurer M, Bogner FX. Modelling Environmental Literacy with Environmental Knowledge, Values and (Reported) Behaviour. Studies in Educational Evaluation. 2020; 65: 100863. [DOI:10.1016/j.stueduc.2020.100863]
8. Hemmati Z, Shobeiri SM. Environmental Culture and the Factors Affecting It (Case Study: the Citizens of Shiraz). Iran Cultural Research Quarterly. 2016;8(4): 197-215. [Persian]
9. Akbari S, Sameri M. Effect of Teaching Sociological Studies with Project Method on Male Students' Environmental Literacy of Elementary School 6th Grade. IRSEN. 2019. [Persian]
10. Owusu GMY, Ossei Kwakye T, Welbeck EE, et al. Environmental Literacy of Business Students in Ghana. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education. 2017;18(3). [DOI:10.1108/IJSHE-02-2016-0025]
11. Sojasi Qeidari H, Azizi S. Measurement and Analysis of Environmental Literacy of Rural Tourisms. Geographical Space. 2018;18(61): 181-201.
12. Craig CA, Allen MW. The Impact of Curriculum-Based Learning on Environmental Literacy and Energy Consumption with Implications for Policy. Utilities Policy. 2015; 35: 41-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.jup.2015.06.011]
13. Lillah R. Environmental literacy: A Needs Analysis: Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University Port Elizabeth. 2011.
14. Salehi S, Karimzadeh S. A Study on Relationship between Environmental Knowledge and Environmental Behavior. Cultural Studies & Communication. 2011; 7(24): 159-173. [Persian]
15. Aminrad Z, Zakariya S, Hadi AS, et al. Relationship Between Awareness, Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Environmental Education Among Secondary School Students in Malaysia. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2013; 22(9): 1326-33.
16. Oğuz D, Kavas S. Environmental Awareness of University Students in Ankara, Turkey. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2010; 5(19): 2629-36.
17. Hooshmandan Moghaddam Fard Z, Akhbar E, Shams A. Effective Factors on Environmental Awareness of Agricultural High School Students in Zanjan, Iran. Journal of Agricultural Education Administration Research. 2016 (37): 73-84. [Persian]
18. Salehi Emran E, Aghamohammadi A. Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Environmental Skills of Primary School Teachers in Mazandaran Province. Quarterly Journal Education. 2008;24(3):92-117. [Persian]
19. Shobeiri SM, Farajollahi M, Koohi AE, et al. The Relationship Between Using Mass Media (With Emphasis on Tv) and Promotion of Secondary School Teachers'environmental Literacy in Tehran. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences. 2013; 4(1): 23-40. [Persian]
20. Mesdaghinia A, Younesian M, Naseri S, Et Al. The Knowledge of Tehran Citizens on Environmental Pollutions, Related Health Effects and Their Information Sources. Journal of Yafteh. 2007; 9(1); 3-13. [Persian]
21. Erdoğan M, Kostova Z, Marcinkowski T. Components of Environmental Literacy in Elementary Science Education Curriculum in Bulgaria and Turkey. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education. 2009; 5(1): 15-26. [DOI:10.12973/ejmste/75253]
22. Arbaat H, Norshariani Abd R, Sharifah Intan Sharina Syed A. The Level of Environmental Knowledge, Awareness, Attitudes and Practices Among UKM Students. University Kebangsaan, Malaysia. 2011;13: 5-8.
23. Marzban A, Barzegaran M, Hemayatkhah M, et al. Evaluation of Environmental Awareness and Behavior of Citizens (Case Study: Yazd Urban Population). Iranian Journal of Health and Environment. 2019;12(1):17-30. [Persian]
24. Evans DT, Fullilove MT, Green L, et al. Awareness of Environmental Risks and Protective Actions Among Minority Women in Northern Manhattan. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2002; 110(suppl 2): 271-275. [DOI:10.1289/ehp.02110s2271]
25. Tuncer G, Tekkaya C, Sungur S, et al. Assessing Pre-Service Teachers' Environmental Literacy in Turkey as a Mean to Develop Teacher Education Programs. International Journal of Educational Development. 2009; 29(4): 426-436. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijedudev.2008.10.003]
26. Flanagan C, Laituri M. Local cultural knowledge and water resource management: The Wind River Indian Reservation. Environmental Management. 2004; 33(2): 262-70. [DOI:10.1007/s00267-003-2894-9]
27. Palmgren F. Air Pollution: Review of Danish Knowledge on Particulate Matter (PM). Danish Environment Newsletter. 2003; 28(December).

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Community Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb