Volume 9, Issue 4 (Oct-Dec 2020)                   JCHR 2020, 9(4): 265-272 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Servat F, Mazloomy Mahmoodabad S S, Abbasi- Shavazi M, Dehghani A. Social Support or Organizational Support: Which One Is More Predictive of Job Burnout in workers?. JCHR. 2020; 9 (4) :265-272
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-621-en.html
1- 1. Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2- 1. Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran , mabbasishavazi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (568 Views)
Introduction: Social and organizational supports are effective factors closely related to job burnout and Due to the limited studies in this area on Iranian workers, this study aims to determine the predictability of social support and organizational support in  job burnout for workers in Yazd.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 200 textile workers in Yazd through stratified random sampling. The data were collected by the tools including demographic characteristics, questionnaires of social support, organizational support, and Maslach's job burnout. The data were analyzed by SPSS using the Pearson correlation coefficient and the multiple linear regressions. The Significance level of tests was considered as p <0.05. 
Results: There was a significant strong positive relationship between job burnout and emotional exhaustion (r= 0.88) (p <0.001 (. There was found a significant negative correlation between job burnout and social support (r =- 0.390), friend support (r= -0.401), family supoert (r= -0.218), important others support (r= - 0.283) (p <0.001 (. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that 17.8% of the changes in job burnout were explained by friends, family, and important others support (R2=0.178, p<0.001) whereas support from friends was the strongest predictor of job burnout (β= - 0.338, p <0.001). Social and organizational support explained 35.9% of the changes in job burnout (R2= 0.359, p<0.001) with organizational support being the strongest predictor of  job burnout (β= - 0.472, p<0.001).
Conclusion: Given that organizational support was the most significant predictor of job burnout in workers, developing organizational interventions to increase support in workplace can be regarded as effective strategy to reduce or slow down job burnout among workers.

Full-Text [PDF 773 kb]   (198 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (93 Views)  
Review: Research | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2020/03/25 | Accepted: 2020/12/20 | Published: 2020/12/26

1. 1. Maslach C, Schaufeli W B, Leiter M P.Job Burnout.Annual Review of Psychology. 2001; 52(1): 397-422. [DOI:10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.397]
2. Klugermt,Townend K, Laidlaw T. Job Satisfaction, Stress and Burnout in Australian Specialist Anaesthetists. 2003; 58(4): 339-345 [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2044.2003.03085.x]
3. Danhof-Ponta MB, VanVeenbT, Zitman FG. Biomarkers in Burnout: A Systematic Review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2011; 70(6):505-24. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.10.012]
4. Gabbe SG, Webb LE, Moore DE, et al. Can Mentors Prevent and Reduce Burnout in New Chairs Ofdepartments of Obstetrics and Gynecology: Results From A Prospective,Randomized Pilot Study. American Journalof Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2008; 198(6): 653-55. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2007.11.004]
5. Miller JF. Burnout and its Impact on Good Work in Nursing. Journal of Radiology Nursing. 2011; 30(4):146-49. [DOI:10.1016/j.jradnu.2011.07.004]
6. Hyde M, Jappinenb P, Theorell T, et al.Workplace Conflict Resolution and The Health of Employeesin The Swedish and Finnish Units of An Industrial Company. Social Science & Medicine. 2006; 63(8): 2218-27. [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.05.002]
7. Thomas LM. Biographical, Work, Family and Social Support Variables Related to Burnout in County Extension Agents in Georgia.Athesis Submitted to The Graduate Faculty of The University of Georgia in Partial Ful¿Llment of The Requirement for Thems Degree. The University of Georgia August. 2003.
8. Pines, A. M. (1993). Burnout: An existential perspective. In W. B. Schaufeli, C. Maslach, & T. Marek (Eds.), Series in Applied Psychology: Social Issues and Questions. Professional Burnout: Recent Developments in Theory and Research . 2017: 33-51.Taylor & Francis. [DOI:10.4324/9781315227979-4]
9. Abualrub RF. Job Stress, Job Performance, and Social Support among Hospital Nurses. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 2004; 36(1): 73-8. [DOI:10.1111/j.1547-5069.2004.04016.x]
10. Chang EM, Daly J, Hancock KM, et al. The Relationships among Workplace Stressors, Copingmethods, Demographic Characteristics, and Health Inaustralian Nurses. Journal of Professional Nursing. 2006; 22(1): 30-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.profnurs.2005.12.002]
11. Shirey MR. Social Support in The Workplace: Nurse Leader Implications. Nursing Economics. 2004; 22(6): 313-9.
12. Miler K. Organizational Communication : Approaches and Processes 4TH Edition by Katherine Miller. Wadsworth, 2006.
13. Mazloomy Mahmood abad SS, Hatam zadeh N, Ardian N. Job Burnout among Khuzestan Steel Company Workers. Caspian Journal of Health Research. 2016; 2(2): 1-8. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.cjhr.2.2.1]
14. Ardian N, MazloomyMahmoodAbad SS, Ardian M, Ehrampoush MH,Eslami H.The mental health and social support in Bafq's miners. Health sciences research. 2015; 2(5): 39-44.
15. Filian E. Assessment of Burnout and Its Relation with Coping Methods Used by Nurses in Teaching Hospitals of Tehran in 1992.[Msc Thesis].Tarbiat Modarres University.Tehran
16. Masoudnia E. Relationship between Perceived Social Support and Risk of Postpartum Depression Disorder. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2011; 24( 70):8-18. [Persian]
17. Allen MW, Armstrong DJ, Reid M, et al. Factors Impacting The Perceived Organizational Support of Employees. Information & Management. 2008. 45(8), 556-563. [DOI:10.1016/j.im.2008.09.003]
18. Pardakhtchi MH, Ahmadi Q, Arezoomandi F. The quality of work life and burnout among teachers and principals in Takestan Schools. Journal of Educational Leadership & Administration. 2009; 3(3): 25-50. [Persian]
19. Zargar shirazi F, Ahadi H, Naderi F, et al. Prediction Of Job Burnout Based On Organizational Respect And Perceived Social Support In Female Nurses. Journal of woman and culture. 2017; 9(33): 23-33. [Persian]
20. Sánchez-Moreno E, de La Fuente Roldán IN, Gallardo-Peralta LP, et al. Burnout ,Informal Social Support and Psychological Distress among Social Workers. The British Journal of Social Work. 2014; 45(8) : 2368-2386. [DOI:10.1093/bjsw/bcu084]
21. Babaeiamiri N, Haghighat Dost S, Ashoori J. The Relationship of Job Burnout, Perceived Social Support and Psychological Hardiness with Mental Health among Nurses. Avicenna Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Care. 2016; 24(2): 120-128. [Persian] [DOI:10.17795/modernc.8856]
22. Babamiri M, Zahiri harsini A, Tahmasebi R, et al. Evaluation of Factors Affecting Job Burnout in Employees of Regional Electric Company, Kerman, Iran. Journal of Ergonomics. 2016; 3(4):38-48. [Persian]
23. Mazloomy SS, Saeedi M, Vahedian M, et al. The effect burnout on social support and self-esteem in health care workers in Yazd city. Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal. 2013; 5(1):46-56. [Persian]
24. Bayrami M, Movahedi M, Movahedi Y, et al. The Role of Perceived Social Support in The Prediction of Burnout Among Nurses. Quartery Journal of Nursing Management. 2014; 3(1): 27-34. [Persian]
25. Mohammadi fakhar F, Rafii F, Heshmat R. Relationship between Supervisor Social Support and Burnout in Nurses. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2012; 25(79):63-71. [Persian]
26. Shahnazdoust M, Maghsudi S, Tabari R, et al. Relationship between Nursing Burnout and Occupational Support. Journal of Guilan University of Medical Sciences. 2012; 20(80): 49-59. [Persian]
27. KHoshakhlagh AH, Halvani GH, Laal F, et al. The Study and Determination of Occupational Stress and Its Affecting Factors on one of Industries in Yazd Province. Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal. 2015; 7(1): 41-51. [Persian]
28. Demir A, Ulusoy M, Ulusoy MF. Investigation of Factors Influencing Burnout Levels in The Professional and Private Lives of Nurses. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2003; 40(8): 807-27. [DOI:10.1016/S0020-7489(03)00077-4]
29. Vaezfar S, Azadi M, Akbari Balotanbegan A, et al. The Predictive Role of Self-efficacy and Social Support in Nurses'Burnout. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2014; 27 (90): 140-149. [Persian] [DOI:10.29252/ijn.]
30. Rezaei Ronaghi J, Paravar M, Rezaei M, Ebrahimi H. Relationship between Burnout and Social Support in Emergency Medical Personnel in Kashan City. Journal of Knowledge & Health. 2016; 11(4): 63-72. [Persian]
31. Jamali Moghadam N, Soleimani S. Burnout and Its Relationship with Social Support of Nursing in Hospitals of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences 2010. Sadra Medical Sciences Journal. 2013; 1(2): 69-76. [Persian].

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Community Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb