Volume 9, Issue 4 (Oct-Dec 2020)                   JCHR 2020, 9(4): 233-240 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Zareei Mahmood Abadi H, Hidari Sooreshjani R, Rajaei Rizi F, Akrami L. Investigating the Relation between Religious Orientation and Locus of Control with Tendency toward Substance Abuse, Case study: Addicts and Non-Addicts Men, Isfahan, 2018. JCHR. 2020; 9 (4) :233-240
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-604-en.html
1- 1. Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd , Iran , zareei_h@yahoo.com
2- 1. Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd , Iran
Abstract:   (675 Views)
Introduction: Drug addiction as one of the major challenges in human societies has many hidden aspects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between religious attitude, locus of control and tendency to abuse in addicts and non-addicts in Isfahan.
Method: The research method was descriptive-correlational and the study population was 200 men (100 addicts and 100 normal people) from July to September 2018 in Isfahan. Samples were selected from the population of drug-dependent and normal men using available sampling method. Allport's Religious Orientation Questionnaire, Rutter Control Source, and Abuse Trend Questionnaire were used for data collection
Results: Findings showed that there is a significant relationship between religious attitude, locus of control and tendency to abuse. The results also showed that people with internal control locus of control tend to be less likely to abuse drugs, as well as those with an internal religious attitude; less tendency to substance abuse, and finally, religious attitude and locus of control have a key role in drug abuse tendency .
 
Conclusion: It can be concluded that poor religious attitude and lack of internal control are important causes of addiction tendency.
 

 
Full-Text [PDF 727 kb]   (242 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (185 Views)  
Review: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/01/23 | Accepted: 2020/12/20 | Published: 2020/12/26

References
1. 1. Yazdani HR, Kazemi Najaf Abadi MR, Saidi GhR. Investigating the Mediating Role of Spirituality in the Relationship between Dimensions of Organizational Justice and Spiritual Outcomes. Journal of Business Management Perspective. 2010; 9(3):117-133. [Persian]
2. Raiisi F, Anisi J, Yazdi SM, et al. Mental health and child-rearing styles between candidate adult for addiction withdrawal in comparison with non-addict adults. Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2008; 2(1): 33-41. [Persian]
3. Mahmoodabadi HZ, Bahrami F, Ahmadi A, et al. The Effectiveness of Retraining Attribution Styles (Cognitive Therapy) on Dimensions of Family Functioning in Divorce Applicant Couples. International Journal of Psychological Studies. 2012; 4(2). 257. [Persian] [DOI:10.5539/ijps.v4n2p257]
4. Makarem S, Zanjani Z. The Relationship Between Individual and Family Religiosity with Substance Abuse. Research on Addiction. 2014; 7(28): 75-88. [Persian]
5. Young K.S, Rodgers R. The Relationship between Depression and Internet Addiction. Cyberpsychology& Behavior. 1998; 1 (1): 25-34. [DOI:10.1089/cpb.1998.1.25]
6. Bhagwan R. Spirituality in Social Work in South Africa: Insights from a Survey with Academics. International Social Work. 2013; 56(3): 276-289. [DOI:10.1177/0020872812474008]
7. Yavari S, Nuri R, Hasan Abadi HR. Structural Model of Drug Use Among Students: The Role of Spirituality, Social Modeling and Attitude to Drugs. Research on Addiction. 2015; 9(33): 145-165. [Persian]
8. Zargar Y, Najarian B, Naami A. The Relationship between Personality Traits (Sensation Seeking, Assertiveness, Psychological Hardiness), The Religious Attitude and Marital Satisfaction with Readiness for Drug Abuse. Journal of Education and Psychology Chamran University. 2008; 1(3): 99-120. [Persian]
9. Johnson TJ, Carlisle R, Sheets VL, et al. Prospective Examination of the Relationship between Religious Struggle and Alcohol Problems in a College Sample. Psychology of Religion. 2008; 63. 117- 127.
10. Imanzad M, Atabeigi Momtaz G, Mousavimoghadam SR, et al. The Effect of Religious Attitude and Spirituality Orientation on Defense Mechanisms. Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity-Tehran Medical Branch. 2014; 23 (4) :54-58 [Persian]
11. Sadryedairchi A, Mohamadi N, Fayazi M, Afsar A. Examining The Relationship of Psychological Well-Being with Religious Orientation and Forgiveness among Students at The University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. Journal of Research on Religion and Health. 2017; 3(2): 20-30.
12. Flere S, Lavric M. Is Intrinsic Religious Orientation a Culturally Specific American Protestant Concept? The Fusion of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religious Orientation among non-Protestants. European Journal of Social Psychology. 2008; 38(3): 521-530. [Persian] [DOI:10.1002/ejsp.437]
13. Hariri N, Abazari Z, Golsefid V, et al. The Relationship between Religious Orientation and Organizational Loyalty Among The Librarians of The Academic Libraries Located in Karaj. Theological- Doctrianal Research (The Islamic Science Quarterly). 2014; 4(13). 53-71. [Persian]
14. Mousavimoghadam Sayed RA, Bagheri F, Zahirikhah N. The Relationship between Religious Orientation, Personality Traits and Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life for Students. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Research. 2015; 4(1): 22-29. [Persian]
15. Faigin CF. Filling the Spiritual Void Spiritual Struggles as a Risk Factor for Addiction. College of Bowling Green State University. 2008
16. Hajjarian A, Ghanbari Y. Recognition and Analysis of the Effective Social Dimensions on the Tendency of Rural Youths to Addiction in Rural Areas of Isfahan City. Research on Addiction. 2013; 7 (27): 67-78. [Persian]
17. Miller L, Davies M, Greenwald S. Religiosity and Substance Use and Abuse among Adolescents in the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2000; 39(9): 1190-7. [DOI:10.1097/00004583-200009000-00020]
18. Brown T, Parks GS, Zimmerman RS, et al. The Role of Religion in Predicting Adolescent Alcohol Use and Problem Drinking. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 2001; 62(5): 695-705. [DOI:10.15288/jsa.2001.62.696]
19. Khoshnood G, Shayan N, Babaie Amiry N, et al. Rrelationship between Religious Orientation, Happiness, Locus of Control and Coping Strategies, and Spiritual Well-being Among Nursing Students. Journal of Research Development in Nursing and Midwifery. 2016; 12(3): 9-18. [Persian]
20. Demir S, Demir SG, Bulut H, et al. Effect of Mentoring Program on Ways of Coping with Stress and Locus of Control for Nursing Students. Asian Nursing Research. 2014; 8(4): 254-60. [DOI:10.1016/j.anr.2014.10.004]
21. Pourmovahed Z, Mahmoodabad SS, Zareei Mahmoodabadi H, et al. Family stability and conflict of spiritual beliefs and superstitions among Yazdi people in Iran: A qualitative study. World Family Medicine Journal: Incorporating the Middle East Journal of Family Medicine. 2017; 7(10): 97. [DOI:10.5742/MEWFM.2017.93108]
22. Almasi A. Investigating and Comparing The Source of Control of Addicted and Non-Addicted People. Thesis of Master, Tehran, Free Road Hon University. 1998. [Persian]
23. Asghari F, Kurdmirza EO, Ahmadi L. The Relationship between Religious Attitudes, Locus of Control and Tendency to Substace Abuse in University Students. Research On Addiction. 2013;7 (25): 103-112. [Persian]
24. Kaldi A, Mahdavi R. The Role of Internal and External Locus of Control in Relapse of Addiction in Occupational Therapy Camp of Zanjan. Social Welfare Quarterly. 2003; 3 (9): 307-334. [Persian]
25. Delavar A. Theoretical and practical foundations of research in humanities and social sciences. Roshd Publications. 2010. [Persian]
26. Janbozorgi M. 1999. The study of effectiveness of psychotherapy with and without religious orientations on reducing of anxiety and stress. [Thesis]. Tehran: Tarbiat Modares University. 1999. [Persian]
27. Barzegar Befroui F, Salehpour M, Imam Juma MR. The Relationship Between Locus of Control and Self-Esteem with Creativity in Ardekan City High Schools Studenst. Journal of School Psychology. 2015; 3(4): 6-21. [Persian]
28. Demir S, Demir SG, Bulut H, et al. Effect of Mentoring Program on Ways of Coping with Stress and Locus of Control for Nursing Students. Asian Nursing Research.2014 ;8(4): 254-60. [DOI:10.1016/j.anr.2014.10.004]
29. Dehghani F, Zareei Mahmoodabadi H. The Effect of Using Virtual Social Networks on Depression, Anxiety, and Stress among Young Adults. Social Behavior Research & Health. 2018; 2(1). 174-180.
30. Farasatkish F, Pirani Z, Khodabakhshi Koolaee A. Relationship of Psychological Well-being and Happiness with Religious Orientation among Female Students. Religion and Health. 2017;4(1):36-46 .[Persian]
31. Zareei Mahmoodabadi H, Younesi J. The Effectiveness of Cognitive Techniques on Improvement of Family Function in Mal-Adjusted Couples. Journal of Daneshvar Raftar.2009; 29. 35-52. [Persian]
32. Haghighi M, Alizadeh F, Rezaei T. Environmental and Personal Factors Associated with Addiction Relapse in Referral patients to Marand Treatment Centers. Journal of Community Health Research. 2018; 7 (2) :63-73.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Community Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb