دوره 11، شماره 1 - ( 1-1401 )                   جلد 11 شماره 1 صفحات 53-45 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Montazeri L, Eslami H, Afshani S A. Role of Students’ Media Literacy on Their Health: A Narrative Review. JCHR. 2022; 11 (1) :45-53
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-726-fa.html
منتظری لیلی، اسلامی حسین، افشانی سید علیرضا. نقش سواد رسانه ای دانش آموزان بر سلامت آنها: مطالعه مروری. مجله تحقیقات سلامت. 1401; 11 (1) :53-45

URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-726-fa.html


1- گروه مدیریت رسانه، واحد یزد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، یزد، ایران
2- گروه مدیریت رسانه، واحد یزد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی یزد، ایران ، Eslami@uswr.ac.ir
3- گروه جامعه شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، یزد، ایران
چکیده:   (461 مشاهده)
مقدمه: سواد رسانه ای را می توان تقویت کننده تجارب رسانه ای دانست. رسانه ها تاثیر زیادی بر سلامت مردم از جمله کودکان دارند. اما تاکنون این موضوع مورد مطالعه قرار نگرفته است و برای تصمیم گیری به شواهد علمی نیاز است. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی نقش سواد رسانه ای دانش آموزان بر سلامت آنها انجام شد.
روش کار: این مطالعه از نوع مرور ادبیات با جستجوی سیستماتیک است. پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی الکترونیکی مختلف برای جستجوی ادبیات جامع مورد استفاده قرار گرفت، از جمله وب آف ساینس، گوگل اسکالر، اسکوپوس، سایک اینفو.  برای شناسایی  مقالات مورد نظر با در نظر گرفتن معیارهای شمول، مقالات از تاریخ 1 ژانویه 1990 تا تاریخ دسامبر 2020 مورد جستجو قرار گرفتند. 32 مقاله یافت شد که 22 مقاله حذف شد (3 مقاله در دسترس نبود، 12 مقاله نامربوط، 7 مقاله تکراری بودند). ده مقاله معیارهای انتخاب را داشتند و در بررسی قرار گرفتند. معیارهای خروج از مطالعه، مقالاتی بودند که در مجلات مرور همکار منتشر نشده بودند، مقالاتی که تنها به یکی از موضوعات سواد رسانه ای یا سلامت دانش آموز می پردازند و گروه سنی مشارکت کنندگان در مطالعه بالای 18 سال بود یا دانش آموزان در مقطع ابتدایی و متوسطه مطالعه مورد مطالعه قرار نگرفته بودند.
یافته‌ها: این مطالعه نشان داد که سواد رسانه‌ای بر رفتار دانش‌آموزان مؤثر است. این رفتارها باعث ارتقای سلامت یا رفتارهای پرخطر می شود. مطالعات اصلی در مورد تغذیه، چاقی، نکات بهداشتی، سیگار کشیدن، اعتیاد به مواد مخدر و مصرف الکل انجام شده است.
نتیجه‌گیری: می‌توان نتیجه‌گیری کرد که رسانه‌ها نقش زیادی در سلامت دانش‌آموزان دارند و این موضوع در مطالعات قبلی به اثبات رسیده است. این اثرات هم سلامت دانش آموزان را بهبود می بخشد و هم رفتارهای پرخطر را افزایش می دهد. بنابراین شواهد کافی برای تصمیم گیری مدیران برای انجام مداخلات وجود دارد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: سواد رسانه ای، دانش آموز، کودک، سلامت
متن کامل [PDF 683 kb]   (214 دریافت)    
مروری: مروری | موضوع مقاله: بهداشت عمومی
دریافت: 1399/10/23 | پذیرش: 1400/5/26 | انتشار: 1401/1/10

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