Volume 9, Issue 1 (Jan-Mar 2020)                   JCHR 2020, 9(1): 30-36 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Amiri M, Barfi R, Amiri S, Mansori S R, Askarpour H, Naderi Lordejani M. The Relationship between Quality of Life Related to Oral Health Status in 8-10-year-old students in Shiraz during 2016-2017. JCHR. 2020; 9 (1) :30-36
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-583-en.html
1- Department of Disease Management, Deputy of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
2- Department of Disease Management, Deputy of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran , rahelebarfi49@gmail.com
3- Department of Disease Management, Deputy of Health, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
Abstract:   (2681 Views)
Introduction: Oral health affects not only the oral cavity but also the physical, mental and physical condition of children. Untreated dental caries in children gives us a rational view of how a child's growth, and quality of life are. Given the high prevalence of oral problems in children, this study aimed to evaluate the quality of life associated with oral health in 8-10-year-old children in Shiraz.
Methods: The present study is a descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional one. For this study, 315 students from 8 to 10 years old in the city of Shiraz in the year 2017 from the 4 regions were selected using stratified and cluster sampling - . After obtaining written consent from parents, children were interviewed about demographic characteristics and the impact of oral problems on daily activities (child-OIDP = Oral impact on daily performance). Then PUFA/pufa (pulp-ulcer-fistula-abscess) index was determined. Data were analyzed using SPSS v.22 and Pearson correlation test, independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and linear regression at a significant level of 0.05.
Results: 315 students were studied, including 154 boys (48.9%) and 161 girls (51.1%). 69.8% of children had experienced at least one oral problem in their daily activities during the past three months. The biggest problem for children was eating (30.7%). Most of the problems were due to pain and bleeding from the gums (34.8%). The child-OIDP quality of life index had no significant relationship with the age of the children studied (p = 0.43). There was a significant relationship between mean child-OIDP index and untreated caries index (pufa) (p = 0.001) and the total untreated caries index (PUFA + pufa) (p = 0.001).
Conclusion: The present study showed the significant impact of oral diseases on reducing the quality of life in children. To improve the quality of life associated with oral health in children, measures should be taken to prevent oral diseases and to improve their access to health care.
Full-Text [PDF 778 kb]   (775 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (339 Views)  
Review: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2019/11/8 | Accepted: 2020/04/5 | Published: 2020/03/29

1. Sisson KL .Theoretical explanations for social inequalities in oral health. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2007; 35(2):81-8. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2007.00354.x]
2. Sudeep C, Sequeira PS, Jain J. Oral health related quality of life among 12-15 year old children residing at orphanages in South India-A descriptive study. British Journal of Research. 2014; 1(10):53-62.
3. Evans CA, Kleinman DV. The Surgeon General's report on America's oral health: opportunities for the dental profession. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 2000; 131(12):1721-8. [DOI:10.14219/jada.archive.2000.0118]
4. Gerritsen AE, Allen PF, Witter DJ, et al. Tooth loss and oral health-related quality of life: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Health and quality of life outcomes. 2010; 8(1):126-132. [DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-8-126]
5. World Health Organization. J Orley. WHOQOL-BREF: introduction, administration, scoring and generic version of the assessment: field trial version, December 1996. Geneva: 2005.
6. Navabi N, Salahi S, Shariatmadar A. Assessment of Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) Validity in Iranian Elderly Population. Journal of Research in Dental Science. 2012; 9(3):161-9. [Persian]
7. Britto PR, Lye SJ, Proulx K, et al. Nurturing care: promoting early childhood development. The Lancet. 2017; 389(10064):91-102. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31390-3]
8. Paula JS, Leite IC, Almeida AB, et al. The influence of oral health conditions, socioeconomic status and home environment factors on schoolchildren's self-perception of quality of life. Health and quality of life outcomes. 2012; 10(1):6-10 [DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-10-6]
9. Sanders AE, Spencer AJ. Childhood circumstances, psychosocial factors and the social impact of adult oral health. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology. 2005; 33(5):370-7. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2005.00237.x]
10. Locker D. Disparities in oral health‐related quality of life in a population of Canadian children. Community. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology. 2007; 35(5):348-56. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2006.00323.x]
11. Goursand D, Paiva SM, Zarzar PM, et al. Cross-cultural adaptation of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ 11-14) for the Brazilian Portuguese language. Health and quality of life outcomes. 2008; 6(1):2-5. [DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-6-2]
12. Javadinejad SH , Karami M, Azizi H. Caries prevalence in 12-year-old children of Isfahan city expressed by the significant caries index. Journal of Isfahan Dental School. 2006; 2(2):13-17. [Persian]
13. Berkowitz R, Jones P. Mouth-to-mouth transmission of the bacterium Streptococcus mutans between mother and child. Archives of Oral Biology. 1985; 30(4):377-9. [DOI:10.1016/0003-9969(85)90014-7]
14. McDonald RE, Avery DR, Dean JA. Dentistry for the child and adolescent: Mosby Incorporated; 2004.
15. Gradella CM, Bernabé E, Bönecker M, et al. Caries prevalence and severity, and quality of life in Brazilian 2‐to 4‐year‐old children. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology. 2011; 39(6):498-504. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2011.00625.x]
16. Khadem P, Jabari far E, Maroofi V, et al. The Relationship between Oral and dental health and quality of life based on DIDL index. Journal of Isfahan Dental School. 2011; 7(4).35-41. [Persian]
17. Oziegbe E, Esan T. Prevalence and clinical consequences of untreated dental caries using PUFA index in suburban Nigerian school children. European archives of paediatric dentistry. 2013; 14(4):227-31. [DOI:10.1007/s40368-013-0052-5]
18. Ramazani N, Rezaei S. Evaluation of the prevalence of clinical consequences of untreated dental caries using PUFA/pufa index in a group of Iranian children. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics. 2017; 27(1):189-210. [DOI:10.5812/ijp.5016]
19. Mehta A, Bhalla S. Assessing consequences of untreated carious lesions using pufa index among 5-6 years old school children in an urban Indian population. Indian Journal of Dental Research. 2014; 25(2):150-65. [DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.135906]
20. Kavand G YF, Saffar Shahroudi AS, Darym M, et al. Oral Health Related Quality of Life among Iranian children: Part I - Validity, reliability, prevalence and severity assessment of daily impact factors. Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal. 2010; 27(4):187-96. [Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Community Health Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb