Volume 9, Issue 1 (Jan-Mar 2020)                   JCHR 2020, 9(1): 4-12 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.18502/jchr.v9i1.2567


XML Persian Abstract Print


1- Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Yazd School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences,Yazd,Iran.
2- Department of Disease Management, Department of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord ,Iran , lordejani@yahoo.com
3- Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Yazd School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences,Yazd,Iran
4- Department of Disease Management, Department of Health, Yasouj University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (685 Views)
Intrudoction
Human health depends on the impact of two factors of heredity and the environment. The issue of inheritance is of paramount importance, but at the same time, the impact of environmental factors and nutritional conditions is such that it is sometimes even beyond hereditary factors. Survey the status of child development is the most important criterion for identifying health.
Methods
Sampling was carried out using two stage clustering. The information was collected by means of observation and interviewing by filling in the questionnaire on the field variables. Collected data was analyzed using SPSS software, T-test and Chi-Square tests at a significant level  of  0.05.
Results
In this study, 900 children were studied. 49% (441 persons) were female and 51% (459 persons) were boys. Of this number of children 700 (77.7%) were of normal weight, 155 (17.3%) were moderate underweight and 45 (5%) had severe underweight. The prevalence of malnutrition was in girls, less than boys. The highest prevalence of malnutrition is in boys at the age 2 years and in girls at the age of 3 years. 91.1% of the population lived in the village, 8.4% lived in the city,  0.5percent were living on the fringes of cities and tribes. In this study, there is a significant relationship between the consumption of illiteracy of mothers and fathers, breakfast in the week, the place of living, the main meal per day, the age of the child, the number of children, the number of children in the family, the hospitalization of the child due to illness and the number of pregnancies Maternal and low weight prevalence (P≤0.05).
Conclution
This study showed that low prevalence is a combination of malnutrition in the present and the past. Regarding the results and comparison with the standard, environmental factors can be effective in delaying weight gain. Therefore, education of health care and parental care for proper nutrition will lead to the health of children at this stage of growth.
Full-Text [PDF 924 kb]   (146 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (57 Views)  
Review: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2019/01/31 | Accepted: 2020/04/5 | Published: 2020/03/29

References
1. Noadih L, Alchemist M. Studying the height and weight of children in Tehran kindergartens. Journal of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. 2005; 15(12):18-27.
2. Khor GL. Update on the prevalence of malnutrition among children in Asia. Nepal Medical College Journal. 2003; 5(2):113-22.
3. Martorell R. The nature of child malnutrition and its long-term implications. Food and nutrition Bulletin. 1999; 20(3):288-92. [DOI:10.1177/156482659902000304]
4. Sheikholeslam R, Kimiagar M, Siasi F, et al. Multidisciplinary intervention for reducing malnutrition among children in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2009; 10(6):844-52.
5. The World Health Organization. Stunting and underweight in children under 5 years: 2014.
6. Zayeri F, Amini M, Kholdi N, et al. Determination Of Factors Affecting Growth Failure Of Children Under Two Years With Multilevel Logistic Regression Model. Daneshvar Medicine. 2014; 21(112): 41-8.[Persian]
7. Payandeh A, Saki A, Safarian M, et al. Prevalence of malnutrition among preschool children in northeast of Iran, a result of a population based study. Global journal of health science. 2013; 5(2):208. [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v5n2p208]
8. De Onis M, Onyango AW, Borghi E, et al. Comparison of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards and the National Center for Health Statistics/WHO international growth reference: implications for child health programmes. Public health nutrition. 2006; 9(7):942-7. [DOI:10.1017/PHN20062005]
9. Houshiar Rad A, Dorosty A, Kalantari N, Abdollahi M, Abtahi M. Prevalence of stunting, underweight, wasting and overweight among Iranian under-five-year-old children (2000-2002). Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology. 2009; 3(4):49-56.[Persian]
10. Khoshbin S. Prevalence Of Underweight Children Under Six Years Old Referred To Rural And Urban Health Centers, Shaheed Beheshti University Of Medical Sciences In 2000. Researcher Bulletin Of Medical Sciences (Pejouhandeh). 2005; 4(46):271-74.[Persian]
11. Waqari Gh, Ahmadpour M, Vakili M. Assessment of height and weight in children under 6 years in rural areas of Gorgan, 1998. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.2002;12(34):66-74.[Persian]
12. Ahmed T, Mehfuz M, Ireen S, et al. Nutrition of children and women in Bangladesh; Trends and directions for the future. Journal of health, population, and nutrition. 2012; 30 (1): 1-11. [DOI:10.3329/jhpn.v30i1.11268]
13. M Nojoomi , Kafashi A, Najmabadi Sh. Study Of Frequency Of Malnutrition Risk Factors In Under 5 Years Children In Karaj, 2001-2002. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2003; 10(33):123-30.[Persian]
14. Delpeuch F,Traissec P,Massamba JP.Economic crisis and malnutrition: socioeconomic determinants of anthropometric status of preschool children and their mothers in an African urban area. Public health nutrition. 2000; 3(1):39-47. [DOI:10.1017/S1368980000000069]
15. Sheikholeslam R, Naghavi M, Abdollahi Z, et al. Current status and the 10 years trend in the malnutrition indexes of children under 5 years in Iran. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2008; 4(1):21-8.[Persian]
16. ND Brener, T McManus, DA Galuska, et al. Reliability and validity of self reported height and weight among high school students. Journal of adolescent heath. 2003; 32(4):281-87. [DOI:10.1016/S1054-139X(02)00708-5]
17. Esmaeili M, Haji Am, Asgardoon G, et Al. Effect Of Risk Factoras On Low Birth Weight Neonates. Journal Of Babol University Of Medical Sciences. 2004; 6(2):18-24.[Persian]
18. Waterlow J. Classification and definition of protein-energy malnutrition. Monograph series World Health Organization. 1976(62):530.
19. Abdullah M, Swailem A, Taha S. Nutritional status of preschool children in central Saudi Arabia. Ecology of Food and Nutrition. 1982; 12(2):103-7. [DOI:10.1080/03670244.1982.9990702]
20. Nilforoushan MA, Hashemi F, Malekafzali H. Scientific Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran Medical System. 2005; 1:56-66.
21. Azizkhani N. Nutrition status and some of its effective factors in children aged 24 to 35 months in villages of Takestan city in 1995. Journal of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services. 2007; 5(18):57-64.
22. Froudnia F, Mohammadali ZS, Frouhari S. Investigation of the duration of exclusive breastfeeding of employed and non-employed mothers referring to health centers in Kerman. 1996. Journal of Pathology Daneshvar. 1998; 5(20):23-8.
23. Soheily A. Assessing the nutritional status of infants and determining their growth from birth to 24 months of age. Hakim Research Journal. 1998; 1(2):118-26.
24. Ministry of Health and Medical Education Deputy of Health Affairs. In the translation of breastfeeding program 1991. UNICEF (author). First Edition. Tehran; Ministry of Health and Medical Education. 1991; 50-85.
25. Nakhshab M, Nasiri H. A study on the prevalence rate of malnutrition and it's effective factors in children under two years in sari township 1999-2000. Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2002; 12(34):47-58.