Volume 7, Issue 4 (Oct-Dec 2018)                   JCHR 2018, 7(4): 231-241 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
3- Director of Research Center for Addiction and Behavioral Sciences, ShahidSadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (993 Views)
Introduction: Nowadays, the main focus of modern researches in the field of ADHD has been on the area of comorbid disorders and reducing their symptoms. In this regard, cognitive-behavioral therapies have tried to reduce the symptoms by using methods such as self-control, problem-solving, and social skills. Given the important role of the family, the present study investigated the pre-assumptions of the treatment by addressing the structural relationships between the social skills, problem-solving skills, and self-control with the symptoms of conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorders in the children with ADHD and the mediating role of the mother-child interaction.
Methods: This study was performed on 104 male models, fourth to sixth grade students of the elementary school in Yazd, Iran. In this study, the Child Symptom Inventory, Child-Parent Relationship Scale, Problem-Solving Inventory, Self-Control Rating Scale, and Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with youngsters were used. The results were analyzed with path analysis by SPSS software version 23.
Results:  Findings showed that problem-solving skills, self-control skills, social skills, and mother-child interaction can explain 75% of the variance of CD and 71% of the variance of ODD in the model. In another section of the analysis, the findings showed that the effect of problem-solving and self-control skills on the mother-child interaction was significant, but the social skills had no significant effect on the mother-child interaction. Also, the problem-solving variable can affect the CD through the mediating variable in the mother-child interaction, and also has a direct relationship with the current disorder but does not have a significant effect on ODD. The self-control variable in addition to its direct relationship to disorder can affect CD and ODD through the mother-child interaction.
Conclusion: Self-control, problem-solving, and social skills are associated with the symptoms of behavioral disorders in the children with ADHD, and can be used in designing cognitive-behavioral therapy packages, and also the way the mother and child interact, is effective in this type of treatments.
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Review: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/12/22 | Accepted: 2018/12/22 | Published: 2018/12/22