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1- Department of Nursing ,School of of Nursing & Midwifery, Research Center for Nursing & Midwifery Care in Family Health, Shahid Sadughi University of Medical Science, Yazd, Iran
2- Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
3- International campus, Shahid Sadoughi University Of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (118 Views)
Introduction: the elderly are among vulnerable groups in the society and elder abuse is one of the challenges in the domain of elderly care and support. The present study was conducted with the aim of exploring the effect of implementation of elderly respect education program in families on the elder mistreatment in the city of Yazd in 2016.
Methods: the present study was an experimental study of field trial type that was conducted on 80 elderly over the age of 65 years who were covered by Yazd Comprehensive Health Service Centers in two groups i.e. intervention group (n=40) and non-intervention (n=40) who were randomly entered in the study. The samples were invited for participating in the study through phone call by healthcare providers. Then, the questioner completed the questionnaire, after introducing himself and giving explanations on the objective of the study.  The data collection tool was Elder Abuse Scale that included 49 items in eight subscales: care neglect, psychological abuse, physical abuse, financial abuse, authority deprivation, rejection and financial and emotional neglect. In the next step, the families of the elderly in the intervention group were invited to participate in the educational program. The content of this program included different elder abuse subjects, the importance of respecting the elderly in the family and the society and the role of families in supporting and protecting the elderly that were One month after the end of the educational program for families, the elderly in the intervention group were invited and the questionnaire was completed to assess the effect of elderly respect educational program. For the non-intervention group, the questionnaire was completed at the same time. Data analysis was done using software SPSS and through independent t-test and Chi-square.
Results: the study of the mean of elder abuse dimensions in the intervention group indicated that there was a significant difference between the scores before and after the intervention (P<0.05). The study of the mean of abuse dimensions in the elderly non-intervention group, no significant difference was seen before and after the intervention (P>0.05). The highest level of abuse was seen in the dimension of emotional neglect and the lowest in the dimension of rejection.
Conclusion: the findings indicated that the implementation of the program for educating elderly respect in family was effective in abuse reduction. Therefore, training elderly respect program is recommended. Also, clarification of this phenomenon from different aspects is better to be considered as a priority.
     
Review: Research | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2018/05/26 | Accepted: 2018/05/26 | Published: 2018/05/26