Volume 3, Number 2 (Summer 2014)                   JCHR 2014, 3(2): 124-131 | Back to browse issues page

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Pasdar Y, Darbandi M, Nachvak S M. Nutritional Status of Working Children as a Neglected Group in Kermanshah West of Iran. JCHR. 2014; 3 (2) :124-131
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-186-en.html

Abstract:   (2581 Views)
Introduction: Working at an early age can have adverse consequences on health. Working children due to their occupational hazards are at risk of communicable and non-communicable diseases such as malnutrition, anemia and growth retardation. This study aimed to determine the nutritional status and prevalence of anemia in working and non-working children. Methods: This case-control study was carried out as cross-sectional, on 90 working and 90 non-working 8-18 year-old boys in Kermanshah. The data gathering tools were demographic and food frequency questionnaires (FFQ). Anthropometric parameters were measured using standard tools. 5 ml blood for blood biomarkers test was collected from the participants. Results: Average height and weight of working children were respectively 3.7 cm and 5.7 kg less than of the non- working children (P = 0.02). Prevalence of iron deficiency in working children was more than double in the non-working children (28% vs 11.3%, P = 0.01). Hemoglobin concentration was less significantly in working children compare to non-working children (p=0.05). The working children as significantly consumed all of the food groups except the bread and cereals less than the non-working children (P <0.001). Conclusions: Working children are at risk to develop anemia and malnutrition so they need to emergencies nutritional supports.
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Review: Applicable | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2014/08/26 | Accepted: 2014/08/26 | Published: 2014/08/26

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