Volume 2, Number 2 (July-Sep 2013)                   JCHR 2013, 2(2): 71-87 | Back to browse issues page


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Tabrizi J S, Gholamzadeh Nikjoo R. Clinical Governance in Primary Care Principles, Prerequisites and Barriers: A Systematic Review. JCHR. 2013; 2 (2) :71-87
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-100-en.html

Abstract:   (10759 Views)
Introduction: Primary care organizations are the entities through which clinical governance is developed at local level. To implement clinical governance in primary care, awareness about principles, prerequisites and barriers of this quality improvement paradigm is necessary. The aim of this study is to pool evidence about implementing clinical governance in primary care organizations. Data sources: The literature search was conducted in July 2012. PubMed, Web of Science, Emerald, Springerlink, and MD Consult were searched using the following MESH keywords “clinical governance” and “primary care” Study selection: The search was limited to English language journals with no time limitation. Articles that were either quantitative or qualitative on concepts of implementing clinical governance in primary care were eligible for this study. Data extraction: From selected articles, data on principles, prerequisites and barriers of clinical governance in primary health care were extracted and classified in the extraction tables. Results: We classified our findings about principles of clinical governance in primary care in four groups general principles, principles related to staff, patient and communication. Prerequisites were categorized in eight clusters same as the seven dimensions of National Health System (NHS) models of clinical governance. Barriers were sorted out in five categories as structure and organizing, cultural, resource, theoretical and logistical. Conclusion: Primary care organizations must provide budget holding, incentivized programs, data feedback, peer review, education, human relations, health information technology (HIT) support, and resources. Key elements include enrolled populations, an interdisciplinary team approach, HIT interoperability and access between all providers as well as patients, devolution of hospital based services into the community, inter-sectorial integration, blended payments, and a balance of clinical, corporate, and community governance.
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Review: Research |
Received: 2013/09/14 | Accepted: 2013/10/14 | Published: 2013/10/14

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