Volume 7, Issue 2 (Apr- June 2018)                   JCHR 2018, 7(2): 105-111 | Back to browse issues page

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Lotfi M H, Fallahzadeh H, Owlia M B, Hamedi A, Naderyan Fe'li S, Askari M. Socioeconomic Status and Osteoporosis Risk: A Case-control Study in Outpatient Women in Yazd. JCHR. 2018; 7 (2) :105-111
URL: http://jhr.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-420-en.html
1- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2- Research Center of Prevention and Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Disease, Departments of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
3- Department of Rheumatology, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
4- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran , askarim204@gmail.com
Abstract:   (462 Views)
Introduction: Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder that reduces bone strength and ultimately increases the risk of fractures. The socioeconomic status is one of the important factors affecting health, and it is confirmed as a predictor of various diseases and deaths. This study aimed to determine the relationship between osteoporosis and socioeconomic status.
Methods: This study was a case-control study that included 270 women who were selected from Khatam-ol-Anbia Bone Density Center in Yazd, in which women were randomly selected for both groups, with and without Osteoporosis, by matching their age (± 2 years old). A structured socio-economic questionnaire was filled up for them. We used clustering method, logistic regression,
Chi-square and independent t-tests in SPSS 16 software.
Results: In this study, 135 women with osteoporosis and 135 with non-osteoporosis were included. The odds ratio for osteoporosis in low and moderate e socioeconomic groups respectively (OR=4.39 , CI : 2.57-7.50) and (OR=2.42 , CI : 0.97-6). Which had a significant difference between the two groups (P <0.001).
Conclusion: In this study, the improvement of socioeconomic level, increasing the level of education had a preventive role in the development of osteoporosis.
 
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Review: Research | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2018/02/27 | Accepted: 2018/05/7 | Published: 2018/06/27

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